An evaluation of key approaches which

However, young, non-pregnant female smokers may be less likely to respond to concerns about the threat of health effects on non-existent babies, but may be more likely to respond to anti-smoking interventions designed to appeal to their self-image.

Realistic evaluation of an illicit drug deterrence programme. This results in a defined serum concentration and ratio. Commitment to social justice and a fair allocation of resources, opportunities, obligations, and bargaining power.

Theory-Based Approaches to Evaluation: Concepts and Practices

A wide range of other economic and social factors, not to mention other government interventions, may also come into play. Evaluation, 14 19— Measurement and attribution of program results Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat, chap. This picture includes an assessment of the extent to which different underlying psychological motivations and mechanisms have been triggered in particular smokers by specific services.

Theory-based approaches to evaluation use an explicit theory of change to draw conclusions about whether and how an intervention contributed to observed results. A preferred and increasingly common scenario is for intervention designers and managers to develop a theory of change during the initial design of the intervention as an aid to intervention planning and planning for performance measurement.

It is acknowledged that contextual factors can help an intervention achieve its objectives or act against the intervention working. The evaluation design is flexible and determined to the extent possible during the group processes.

New Directions for Evaluation, 76, 41— This Chapter [PDF — KB] Two approaches are particularly useful when framing an evaluation of community engagement programs; both An evaluation of key approaches which stakeholders.

However, the benefits of fully engaging stakeholders throughout the evaluation outweigh these concerns Fetterman et al. Values improvement in people, programs, and organizations to help them achieve results. These factors are often essential in making causal inferences and need to be part of the evaluation design.

The boxes represent the elements normally found in a results chain or logic model and are labelled, from bottom to top, activities, outputs, immediate outcomes, intermediate outcomes and ultimate outcomes. Blamey and Mackenzie discuss this issue.

Over the last 20 years, theory-based approaches — under various names — have increasingly moved into the mainstream of thinking and practice about how interventions i. The Centre of Excellence for Evaluation would like to thank those departments and agencies that reviewed and provided comments on draft versions of this document.

Evaluation, 13 4— The loops are labelled, "short-cycle logic," also referred to as the theory of change. Use of evidence-based strategies with adaptations to the local environment and culture. What is the overall impact of the program?

One theory of change approach, contribution analysis, argues that if an evaluator can validate a theory of change with empirical evidence and account for major external influencing factors, then it is reasonable to conclude that the intervention has made a difference.

Generally, a theory of change includes: Achievement of Expected Outcomes involves an assessment of progress toward expected outcomes, including immediate, intermediate and ultimate outcomes, with reference to performance targets, intervention reach and intervention design, including the linkage and contribution of outputs to outcomes.

The Evaluation Exchange, 9 41—5. Peas in a pod or apples and oranges. After a brief introduction to these two approaches, we shall share several specific types of evaluations that fall under the formative and summative approaches.

Stakeholders may conduct the evaluation with an outside expert serving as a facilitator. It also opens the black box, examining what role the intervention played in producing the observed results.

Simple diagnostic algorithm for patients with a monoclonal gammopathy. However, there are several shortcomings associated with these designs, in particular: A theory of change explains how an intervention is expected to produce its results.

Theory-Based Approaches to Evaluation: Concepts and Practices

All develop a theory of change for the intervention and then verify the extent to which the theory matches what is observed. Theories of Change and Logic Models Managers of federal programs regularly use logic models to describe the results expected from an intervention.

Characteristics of participatory evaluation include the following Patton, The evaluator, through dialogue with program implementers, attempts to understand the nature of the program: The loops represent feedback and are situated so that each aligns with the spaces between the five boxes in the results chain.The course covers an overview of training evaluation models; pre-training assessment and training program expectations; training evaluation planning; development of key indicators, metrics and measures; training evaluation design; data collection – instrumentation and administration, data quality; reporting progress, change, results; and, disseminating findings and recommendations – knowledge.

This document introduces some of the key concepts of theory-based approaches to evaluation. It is hoped that readers will be encouraged by the information and advice provided in this document and will explore the use (e.g., through pilot evaluations) of theory-based approaches to evaluation in a.

This approach to evaluation focuses on the practicali-ties of defining successful outcomes and success cases (Brinkerhoff, ) and uses some of the processes from theory-driven evaluation to determine the linkages, which may take the form of a logic model, an impact model, or.

This document introduces some of the key concepts of theory-based approaches to evaluation. It is hoped that readers will be encouraged by the information and advice provided in this document and will explore the use (e.g., through pilot evaluations) of theory-based approaches to evaluation in a.

Empowerment approach, as defined by Fetterman (), is the “use of evaluation concepts, techniques, and findings to foster improve-ment and self-determination” (p. 3). The major question characterizing this approach is, “What are the information needs to foster improvement and self-determination?” Organizational Learning.

The course covers the principles of participatory evaluation; decision-processes in determining whether participatory evaluation is an appropriate evaluation approach; the role of the evaluator; stakeholder selection procedures; what to look for and how to build evaluation capacities of a participatory evaluation team; managing power, status differentials and conflicts; and, the advantages and disadvantages of .

An evaluation of key approaches which
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