Designed to clarify the conditions under which the Spanish could make war on, and enslave, native peoples, it finds its justification in the Christian imperative of Inter caetera. There were encomenderos who, to enforce discipline or discover the whereabouts of gold, had natives burned at the stake or roasted on spits.
Encomiendas were granted to those who served the King, and encomenderos were expected to care for their natives and educate them in Christianity.
Spain appeared to have come to its senses and to be accentuating the more altruistic side of its mission to the New World. We know those things which we have seen with our own eyes better than those which we know by hearsay. The Historia, which by his request was not The destruction of the indies and until after his death, is an account of all that had happened in the Indies just as he had seen or heard of it.
Las Casas himself blames not the priests, but the intrusions of Spanish soldiers for the disintegration of trust and respect. Let us throw Him into this river. Northen Illinois Press, Inafter Las Casas first wrote the chronicle later known as A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies, during the hearings ordered by Charles I of Spain to resolve issues of forceful conversion and colonial exploitation of Indians, Las Casas presented the account before the members of the Council of the Indies as proof of atrocities committed upon Indians by colonial authorities.
A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies. New arrivals in the Americas often had masses said on landing for the soul of that legendary hero of the Reconquest, El Cid, thus symbolically stating their own intentions to re-enact in another place what had come to be thought of as the defining event of the Spanish past.
Las Casas achieved it through personal action, eloquent debate, and largely through writing. Encomenderos from Mexico to Peru protested loudly, unanimously, and in the end effectively that their rights were being trampled. Erick Langer and Robert H. However, it is uncertain to what extent the laws were ever enforced.
Las Casas himself blames not the priests, but the intrusions of Spanish soldiers for the disintegration of trust and respect.
In other words, he was simply expressing unequivocally an issue that the court was concerned with in a more ambivalent way: Las Casas notes that missionaries who could preach without interruption from soldiers were welcomed with open arms.
His text largely uses an emotionally persuasive argument instead of a logical argument in A Short Account in his effort to convince the King of Spain. Events in History at the Time the Account Was Written After the New Laws of For an all too brief period after the New Laws ofit must have seemed as if the disastrous side-effects of the Conquest could be reversed: Not only did he agitate for the rights and better treatment of the Indians but he also defended their claim, which in the Spain of the mid-sixteenth century was xxviii constantly under surveillance, to be regarded as human beings.
Tell me, by what right or justice do you keep these Indians in such cruel and horrible servitude? The most direct evidence of his impact on the debate over the Conr quest are the New Laws, a sweeping if only briefly enacted reform of the Conquest, the encomienda system, and relations between colonist and native.
It is a simple statement of an almost impossible feat for the time. Both were true and unembellished records of what had been seen by him and by xxxi those he knew. While details vary from region to region, the larger picture never changes: Perhaps the first person in America to receive holy ordershe was ordained a priest in either or Most startling, he offers a defense of native practices that foreshadows the cultural relativism of modern times.
This was a country in which a powerful, politically vital fleet was held in port for weeks while lawyers drafted the Requerimiento; a country in which the court would listen to the most subtle philosophical and religious arguments for days on end.
But as the tumultuous sixteenth century drew to a close, it became increasingly apparent that the Conquest would follow, if in a somewhat mitigated fashion, the furious pattern of its first half century. The eighteenth-century French philosopher Denis Diderot proposed a statue of Las Casas whose legend would read: At first, the clergy made concessions to the natives, and learned their languages and customs in order to better preach the gospel.
There is, of course, a great deal of truth to this picture; but it is not the whole truth. The Franciscans and Augustinians started the first universities. Although initially an owner of native slaves, he was always uneasy with the Spanish treatment of Native Americans.A Brief Account of the Destruction of the by Bartolome de las Casas The Project Gutenberg EBook of A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies, by Bartolome de las Casas This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever.
of the Destruction of the Indies, with Related Texts, ed. Franklin W. Knight, & tr. Andrew Hurley (Hackett Publ.
Co., ), pp.Permission pending. De Bry engravings in de Bry’s edition of Destruction; digital images reproduced by permission of the John Carter Brown Library, Brown University.
AP Parts:Bartolome de las Casas "Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies" (Historical Context) Stop the violence of the encomienda and the enslavement of the Natives AP Parts: Bartolome de las Casas "Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies" (Purpose). He wrote A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies ina shocking catalogue of mass slaughter, torture and slavery, which showed that the evangelizing vision of Columbus had descended under later conquistadors into genocide/5(4).
Bartolomé de Las Casas, (born orSevilla?, Spain—died JulyMadrid), early Spanish historian and Dominican missionary who was the first to expose the oppression of indigenous peoples by Europeans in the Americas and to call for the abolition of slavery there.
A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies Or, a faithful NARRATIVE OF THE Horrid and Unexampled Massacres, Butcheries, and all manner of Cruelties, the .Download